Peace - Equanimity - Equal Mindedness
1. What is peace? Although the world persists when a man is in deep sleep, does he
have any cares concerning it? His mind is tranquil and refreshed. Should his mind be
in the same degree calm and refreshed even when he is face to face with the world
and is active therein, then there is peace.
2. Can the mind remain so even when the world confronts us? It depends upon our
estimate of the world. The mind is more excited when one's own property is
plundered than when another's property is similarly plundered. Of one's own things,
the loss of one thing causes greater concern than those of another. Why? Because
our estimate of the things is the cause of the degree of the delight or anxiety
concerning them. Therefore, should one learn to regard all equally, the mind will be
extremely peaceful. Or should all things be considered as our own and highly prized,
then too there is no cause for pain. Why? What will a man regret? The mind which
knows that universal concern is beyond its capacity, must needs become tranquil.
Also when one feels that one has no claim on anything or that everything is
perishable, the mind will remain cool. Thus there will be lasting peace if one looks
on all as of the same value. Peace is dependent upon one's intellectual appraisals.
3. I shall now illustrate this. A man wakes up from a dream. His mind is happy or
troubled according to his opinion of the things seen in the dream. But on waking, his
mind remains unaffected by all the happenings in the dream; it remains the same.
Why? Because, only now his mind has learned to value all the matters of the dream
equally. He is not sorry for the cessation of the dream. Why? He is convinced that
the dream is not everlasting and must end on waking. In the same manner, should a
man be convinced that he cannot but wake up sometime from the long dream of the
world, his mind will be unchanging. It is the state of freshness. This is the state of
4. This is not to say that his relation with the world will cease. Now only peace and
freshness of the mind are his. His actions cannot but vary according to
circumstances. The only change in him after the mind has become peaceful is this:
his mind has known the truth and become unattached; therefore, it rests in peace. His
actions though changeful will always be impartial. But the actions of others are
changing and cannot be impartial. Thus, the coolness of the mind produces
enormous good not only to himself but also to the world at large. Peace shows the
way to right conduct.
5. A man walks with a lighted lamp in his hand. Can there be any hostility between
the light and the ups and downs on the way? There cannot be. But light and darkness
cannot be together. The light chases away darkness, it discloses the ups and downs
on the way and makes the man walk carefully, whether he moves up, down, or
sideways. It removes the cause of vain complaints, such as, "That snag hurt my foot"
or "This hollow made me slip." Similarly, after peace is gained, the state of peace
makes the man neither hate nor antagonize the world. Rather it dispels the darkness
which conceals from our view the true nature of the world and its snags. In the
absence of the light of Peace which enables people to adjust themselves to varying
circumstances, they condemn the world as full of misery, as they would complain of
the snags on the road. Therefore a man who has gained the utmost peace after
knowing the whole world as a complicated dream, should not be considered either
unrelated to the world or unconcerned with its activities; he alone stands in effective
concord with it; only he is competent to be a man of action. Thus Peace is that which
regulates one's duties.
6. The concern of a man of Peace in the actions of the world lies in rectifying them.
Should he feel fear before this world, what hope of reformation can there be,
especially from those who esteem it and want to possess it? They are in the grip of
selfishness, blind to impartiality. To guide the blind on the way or treat the blindness
of the eye, one's eyesight must itself be good. Similarly, it is for him to reform the
world who has already discerned his unchanging nature from the changeful nature of
the world and become peaceful. These cannot help serving the world. Why? Can
anyone be so hard hearted as not to lift up a child when it slips and falls? So also for
the wise ones who can rightly appraise the troubles of the world and help the people.
Because he has already withdrawn himself from the mind and body the sage feels no
concern under the strain of service to the world, just as the life principle does not
suffer even when loaded carts pass over the corpse it has left behind (by itself). He
will not shrink from work or trouble. Only truly realized peace can bestow such
courage and coolness.
7. To all appearances. Peace will look poor and quite weak. But in effect, it beats all.
In tenacity and courage, it surpasses all. After all, success depends on these
qualities. Even if Mount Meru should topple over, the incident will hardly produce a
gentle smile in the man of peace, or it will leave him unmoved. This state is helpful
both for worldly and spiritual matters. True happiness in the world is his, and that
happiness comes out of release from bondage. Peace means doing good to any one
in any manner.
8. The obstacles to peace are several. They are meant to prove the man. When they
confront us we should be wide awake and keep the delicate flower of the mind
distant from even their shadows. If the flower of the mind be crushed, it will lose its
fragrance, freshness and color; it will neither be useful to you, nor can it be
presented to others, nor offered to God. Know that your mind is more delicate than
even a blossom. By means of a peaceful mind, all your duties to yourself, to others
and to God must be discharged. Let it release the same freshness throughout. All
blessings for the mind are contained in Peace.
9. Unremittingly worship the God of your Self with the flower of your mind. Let the
children of the mental modes watch this worship. Gradually they will learn to cast
away their childish pranks and desire to delight like yourself. As they watch your
Peace, they will themselves recoil from their vagaries. Continue the worship
patiently. Be not led away by the vagaries of the mind. On the contrary, they should
become peaceful by your peace. All must get peace.
10. I shall finish in one word: The essence of all the Vedas is "Peace."
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