1. Who are you? Are you this body? If so, why are you not aware of a serpent
crawling on it when you are in deep sleep? So then can you be this body? No,
certainly not. You must be other than this body.
2. Sometimes in sleep you dream. There you identify yourself with someone. Can
you be that one? You cannot be. Otherwise, what becomes of that individual on your
waking? You are not he. Furthermore, you are ashamed of having identified yourself
with him. Clearly, you are not that particular person. You are the one that stands
apart from him.
3. Recall the state of dreamless slumber. What is your state then? Can that be your
true nature? Surely you will not subscribe to this belief. Why? Because you are not
so foolish as to identify yourself with the massive darkness which obstructs you
from knowing the state you are in. Discerned by the intellect from the things around,
how can you admit yourself to be the same as ignorance or blank? Or, how can it
truly be your real nature? It cannot be. You are the knower who knows that this state
remains one of dense darkness veiling your true nature. How can you be that which
you have experienced and condemned? Therefore you are not the dark ignorance of
deep sleep. You stand apart from this too.
4. When it is said that even this gross body is not you, can you be any other thing
which is yet farther away from you? In the same way that you are not this gross
body, you are not anything farther from the body, nor the dream person, nor the
ignorance of deep sleep. You are distinct from these three states and this world.
5. These three states can be reduced to two conditions only-namely, the one of the
subject and object, and the other is the unawareness of the subject itself. The former
includes the waking and dream states, whereas the latter represents deep slumber.
All your experiences are comprised in these two conditions only. Both of them are
foreign to you. Your true nature remains distinct from them.
6. If you ask what that is, it is called turiya, which means the fourth state. Why is
this name used? This name is proper because it seems to say the three states of your
experience-waking, dream and deep sleep-are foreign to you and your true state is
the fourth, which is different from these three. Should the three states, waking,
dream and deep sleep, be taken to form one long dream, the fourth state represents
the waking from this dream. Thus it is more withdrawn than deep sleep, also more
wakeful than the waking state. Therefore your true state is that fourth one which is
distinguished from the waking, dream and deep sleep states. You are that only.
7. What is this fourth state? It is knowledge which does not particularize anything. It is not
unaware of itself. That is to say, the fourth state is Pure Knowledge which is not
conscious of any object, but not unconscious itself. Only he who has realized it even
for a trice, has realized the Truth. You are that only.
8. What is there more for him who has gained the fourth state? Practically, it is not
possible for anyone to remain forever in that state, that is, the state of no particular
knowledge. He who has realized the fourth state later wakes up in this world, but for
him this world is not as before. He sees that what he realized as the fourth state,
shines forth as all this. He will not imagine this world as distinct from that Pure
Knowledge. Thus what he saw within, he now sees without in a different form. In
the place of the differentiation of old, he is now established in the state of nondifferentiation
everywhere. Now, he is all. There is nothing distinct from himself.
His eyes closed or open, howsoever the things may change, his state remains
unchanged. This is the state of Brahman. This is the natural eternal state. You are
that ever-true state.
9. There is nothing beyond this state. The words, 'inward' and 'outward' have no
meaning for him. All is one. His body, speech and mind cannot function selfishly.
Their workings will be grace for the good of all. The fragmentary "I" is lost forever.
His ego can never revive. Therefore he is said to be liberated here and now. He does
not live because his body lives, nor does he die because his body dies. He is eternal.
There is nothing other than he. You are He.
10. Who is God? He is grace. What is Grace? Awareness without the fragmentary
ego. How can one know that there is such a state? Only if one realizes it. The Vedas
laud such a one as having realized God and become one with Him. Therefore the
greatest good that one can derive from the world and the greatest good which one
can render unto it, is to realize this state. In fact, there are no states besides this.
They appear in the state of ignorance. For him who knows, there is one state only. You are that.
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